Metasomatic studies in Bulgaria – an overview

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p. 32
Geological Institute “Strashimir Dimitrov”, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia
Abstract: 

This brief overview presents the study of metasomatic processes and rocks in Bulgaria. The very beginning of metasomatic studies coincides with the first steps of Bulgarian geology, with the discovery and description of minerals that are basic for altered rocks. Subsequently, the processes of spilitization and uralitization, the formation of fluorite-silicated rocks during intensive metasomatic alteration of marbles, were characterized. Around and after 1950, the increase in mapping and geological and mining activities created prerequisites for rapid development of the study of metasomatic processes, and especially of wall-rock alterations as their particular cases. Many new data filled in the pages of geological reports and the first dissertations. This was also the time of characterization of new metasomatic processes and metasomatic products for Bulgaria: potassium feldspatization and granitization, propylites and secondary quartzites, etc.
   Nowadays, the following metasomatic families have been established in Bulgaria: skarn, quartz-feldspar metasomatic rocks, greisen, beresite, secondary (hydrothermal) quartzite, propylite, argillisite, aceite, quartz-sericite and quartz-adularia-sericite. The products of potassium feldspatization and granitization, as well as rodingites, can also be included.
   The Geological Institute “Strashimir Dimitrov” (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences) is the cradle of the metasomatic doctrine in Bulgaria. Taking the best of world science, the metasomatic direction in our country has created its own image. Collaboration with prominent specialists from leading countries have helped Bulgarian metasomatists grow and show their knowledge at a number of geological forums in Bulgaria and abroad, as well as in theoretical and practical aspects taking part in exploration works in other countries. Proof of growth are the monographs issued; the large number of scientific and popular articles; the defended 17 PhD and four DSc theses; the new, found in Bulgaria, minerals, rocks, deposits and occurrences of ore and non-metallic raw materials with different applications.
   This overview examines in a detailed way the different directions in researches on metasomatic processes in Bulgaria: geochemical, mineralogical-petrological, structural-tectonic, theoretical and experimental modelling. The most important scientific and applied contributions are noted, and the problems in the study of metasomatic processes are briefly discussed.
   Research on metasomatic rocks (especially wall-rock alterations) and results are widely used in the discovery of a number of ore and raw material deposits, as well as in the proper direction of geological exploration and mining in promising areas.

VOLUME 46 (2)/November 2017 125th Anniversary of Acad. Strashimir Dimitrov; 70th Anniversary of the Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

University of Mining and Geology, Department of Geology and Geoinformatics, Studentski Grad, Prof. Boyan Kamenov Str., 1700 Sofia, Bulgaria; Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Ellatzite-Med PLC, 2086 Mirkovo, Sofia District, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 11, 1113 Sofia
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Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 11, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute “Strashimir Dimitrov”, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Geology, Palaeontology and Fossil Fuels, Sofia University, 15 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Mlynská dolina G–229, Ilkovičova 6, SK-84215 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
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Institute of Geology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.l., Rozvojová, 269,165 000 Praha 6, Czech Republic

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of History, Department of Archaeology, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of History, Department of Archaeology, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
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National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Prehistory, 2 Saborna Str., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, 66 Tsarigradsko Shose Blvd, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Faculty of Geology and Geography, Department of Geology, Palaeontology and Fossil Fuels, Sofia University “St Kliment Ohridski, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

University of Mining and Geology, Prof. B. Kamenov Str., Sofia, 1700. Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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University of Mining and Geology, Prof. B. Kamenov Str., Sofia, 1700. Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria; Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria