Mineral associations and their distribution in hydrothermal alteration zones of the Chelopech high-sulphidation deposit, Bulgaria

Pages: 
pp. 11-16
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Abstract: 

This study is focused on the mineral assemblages developed during hydrothermal alteration in the host rocks of the Chelopech deposit and aims to reveal some characteristics of ore-forming fluids. Three well-distinguished and simultaneously formed hydrothermal alteration zones, characterized by specific mineral associations, occur in the area: advanced argillic, sericitic and propylitic. The presence of silica residue localities in the advanced argillic zone marks the major channels of hydrothermal fluids and indicates participation of extremely acid fluids. The existence of alunite and zunyite in the alteration indicates development of acid-sulphate hydrothermal environment, with presence of F in the fluid, which is considered to be an important feature of ore-bearing high-sulphidation epithermal systems. Dickite in association with alunite in the upper levels of the deposit suggests temperature of formation 200–250 °C. The highest temperature in depth is limited up to 375 °C, considering the occurrence of zunyite, pyrophyllite and dickite.

Keywords: 

advanced argillic, sericitic, propylitic, acid-sulphate system, alunite, zunyite

VOLUME 46 (2)/November 2017 125th Anniversary of Acad. Strashimir Dimitrov; 70th Anniversary of the Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

University of Mining and Geology, Department of Geology and Geoinformatics, Studentski Grad, Prof. Boyan Kamenov Str., 1700 Sofia, Bulgaria; Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Ellatzite-Med PLC, 2086 Mirkovo, Sofia District, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 11, 1113 Sofia
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Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 11, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute “Strashimir Dimitrov”, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Geology, Palaeontology and Fossil Fuels, Sofia University, 15 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Mlynská dolina G–229, Ilkovičova 6, SK-84215 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
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Institute of Geology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.l., Rozvojová, 269,165 000 Praha 6, Czech Republic

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of History, Department of Archaeology, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of History, Department of Archaeology, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
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National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Prehistory, 2 Saborna Str., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, 66 Tsarigradsko Shose Blvd, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Faculty of Geology and Geography, Department of Geology, Palaeontology and Fossil Fuels, Sofia University “St Kliment Ohridski, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

University of Mining and Geology, Prof. B. Kamenov Str., Sofia, 1700. Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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University of Mining and Geology, Prof. B. Kamenov Str., Sofia, 1700. Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria; Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria