Impact of the Danube River on the groundwater dynamics in the Kozloduy Lowland

Pages: 
pp. 33-39
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
Abstract: 

Intense groundwater flow in the Kozloduy Lowland is related to the formed layered aquifer on the contemporary Danube River terrace. The main factors affecting the groundwater regime are fluctuations of the Danube River, water influx from the south and the recharge as a part of the rainfalls in the area. The drainage system in the central part of the lowland affects the water levels and creates a widespread depression. This forms a disturbed groundwater regime in the area. The impacts of the Danube River for a six-year period (from 2007 to 2012) have been estimated. The groundwater balance elements were analyzed, based on transient numerical model of the lowland. Fluctuations of the groundwater levels are the most significant close to the river at a distance of 300–400 m, reaching as much as 1000 m in the lowland. Oscillation’s amplitude of groundwater levels gradually decreases with distance from the river and as a result of the drainage system abstraction. There is relation between the water stages in the river and the intensity of the drainage flow.

Keywords: 

hydrogeology, groundwater dynamics, Kozloduy Lowland, Danube River, Bulgaria

VOLUME 46 (2)/November 2017 125th Anniversary of Acad. Strashimir Dimitrov; 70th Anniversary of the Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

University of Mining and Geology, Department of Geology and Geoinformatics, Studentski Grad, Prof. Boyan Kamenov Str., 1700 Sofia, Bulgaria; Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Ellatzite-Med PLC, 2086 Mirkovo, Sofia District, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 11, 1113 Sofia
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Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 11, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute “Strashimir Dimitrov”, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Department of Geology, Palaeontology and Fossil Fuels, Sofia University, 15 Tzar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Comenius University, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Department of Geology and Palaeontology, Mlynská dolina G–229, Ilkovičova 6, SK-84215 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
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Institute of Geology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.l., Rozvojová, 269,165 000 Praha 6, Czech Republic

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of History, Department of Archaeology, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
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University of Sofia “St Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of History, Department of Archaeology, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria
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National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Department of Prehistory, 2 Saborna Str., 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Block 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, 66 Tsarigradsko Shose Blvd, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Faculty of Geology and Geography, Department of Geology, Palaeontology and Fossil Fuels, Sofia University “St Kliment Ohridski, 15 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, 1504 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

University of Mining and Geology, Prof. B. Kamenov Str., Sofia, 1700. Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria
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University of Mining and Geology, Prof. B. Kamenov Str., Sofia, 1700. Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Block 24, Sofia 1113, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Austrian Institute of Technology, Center for Energy, Konrad-Lorenz-Str. 24, 3430 Tulln, Austria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev Str., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria; Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Institute of Geochemistry and Petrology, ETH, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev, Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria